Glorifying His name through wood products

The Galilean

In the beginning…

The Evidence

I’ve been preparing for this for quite a while now. This little journey into the evidence of God’s existence is going to be challenging, discerning, and hopefully rewarding. I am constantly surprised at how misinformed some folks can be about the evidence for God’s existence. When people ask me about my faith I’m so eager to be able to share that it’s not blind, it’s not an absence of evidence, it’s full of evidence.

Before we dive in though I want you to ask yourself this question. If God exists, what does that mean in my life? My hope is that you have at least considered this question even if you don’t believe God exists. Here are some of my other favorites:

Why is there something rather than nothing? That is, why is there anything at all?

Who am I and why am I here?

What is my purpose?

What is the meaning of my existence?

How can consciousness come from an accidental byproduct of a prebiotic soup?

Are right and wrong truly objective? Or is all of this just a matter of opinion?

If these questions aren’t provocative at all to you then I’m not sure anything else in this website will be helpful, but if they are even remotely, then I encourage you to keep going.

For now we are just going to tackle five reasons for evidence of God’s existence. Sure there are many more but five is a good number to kick us off with. Before we go too far afield, we need to do a little refresher on what it means to create a sound deductive argument, as four of the five arguments in this section are deductive arguments.

If you recall from your basic college philosophy class the three conditions for a solid deductive argument are as follows:

  1. The premises and conclusion must be logically coherent.  That is, they must follow the laws of logic. A good example is:

All men are mortal.

Shaun is a man.

Therefore Shaun is mortal.

This above example is logically coherent.  Some philosophers would call it airtight. A bad example of this might be:

All men are mortal.

Shaun is a man.

Because all men are mortal and Shaun is a man, therefore God does not exist.

This conclusion does not logically follow and hopefully we can all see why.

2. The premises and conclusion must be true.  For example:

A giraffe has two eyes, two ears, a nose, and a mouth.

Shaun has two eyes, two ears, a nose, and a mouth.

Therefore Shaun is a giraffe.

Now while this example might be logically coherent, it is plausibly false as we know in the world around us and our experience in it. That is, the negations have provided solid defeaters for the premises, rendering them fallacious.

3. The conclusions must be plausibly true, i.e., more true than their negations.  Please note that we aren’t going for absolute truth in this argument, but plausibility or reasonableness of its truth.

For example:

All men are mortal.

Shaun is a man.

Therefore Shaun is mortal.

Now we’ve already said this is logically coherent and based on our experience it is plausibly true.  We are not 100% certain of it though are we?  After all, have we seen every human being in the world who has been born pass away?  We definitely have not but we take it on good evidence that every person who has ever been born has either died or will die in the future.  There is nobody currently running around waving their hands in the air saying ‘I have been living forever, I am immortal.’  So while we cannot ascertain 100% that this is true, we have very good confidence that it is plausibly true. 

Let’s look at it a different way.  Look at the burden of proof in our criminal justice system.  Most criminal courts recognize a burden of proof that is beyond a reasonable doubt.  Our civil courts have an even lesser burden, known as the preponderance of the evidence.  So even in our justice system we don’t burden the prosecution with 100% certainty.  How about in our own lives?

Think about the decisions you make on a daily basis where you are 100% certain of the outcome.  When you get in your car and drive to the big city for groceries, church, etc, are you 100% certain you will not have some sort of a traffic accident, violation, or vehicle trouble?  Of course not.  You make your decisions based on the evidence around you, past experience, probabilities, and proceed.  If you needed 100% proof for all your courses of action you may never even leave your house!

So with some clarity on that I present the following arguments and wish to expressly thank contemporary Christian philosophers William Lane Craig and Alvin Plantinga, two gentleman who have greatly influenced my thought and journey profoundly. Also to be thanked is the late C.S. Lewis, a pioneer in Christian thought and apologetics. My family has always been supportive and I thank them for that. Finally, all glory to my Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

Here we go…

  1. God is the best evidence of why there is something rather than nothing. (Contingency Argument)
  2. God is the best evidence for the origin of the universe. (Cosmological Argument)
  3. God is the best evidence for the fine-tuning of the universe. (Teleological Argument)
  4. God is the best evidence for the objective moral values and duties. (Moral Argument)
  5. God is the best evidence for the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth.